The Components of Karate Training
Training in karate can be divided into 3 basic sections i.e.:
The philosophy behind karate is vast and complex. It stems from thousands of years of armed and unarmed combat. Techniques that were perfected hundreds of years ago, are still being perfected over and over again by each new-generation. Buddhism, Taoism, and the code of Bushido have all played parts in the development of the martial arts philosophy. Karate in its modern form is about 400 years old which was originally an offshoot of Chinese Gongfu. It has its roots in ancient martial form of India like Kalaripayatu which is a combination of all forms like ju-jutusu, karate, aikido etc., and involves all techniques including hitting, grappling, twisting, and ground fighting.
Kata is a Japanese word describing detailed patterns of movements practiced either solo or in pairs. Karate Kata are executed as a specified series of a variety of moves, with stepping and turning, while attempting to maintain perfect form. The practitioner is counseled to visualize the enemy attacks and their responses. Karateka "read" a kata in order to explain the imagined events. There are perhaps 100 kata across the various forms of karate, each with many minor variations.
Traditionally, kata are taught in stages. Previously learned kata are repeated to show better technique or power as a student acquires knowledge and experience. It is common for students testing to repeat every kata they have learned but at an improved level of quality. The student will perform one new kata and one or two previous ones, to demonstrate how much they have progressed.
Kumite means sparring, and is one of the three main sections of karate training, along with kata and basics. Kumite is the part of karate in which a person trains against an adversary, using the techniques learned from the basics and kata.
Kumite can be used to develop a particular technique or a skill (e.g. effectively judging and adjusting one's distance from one's opponent) or it can be done in competition.
During Wado Karate Federation training sessions, all 3 elements are practiced. Beginners are aquainted with various elements, and it will take several lessons before they are able to combine the various moves into a single karate element.
Unfortunately, I am restricted at the moment because I can't attach links or videos. When I have achieved the required post count, I will be able to post videos taken from my own Dan gradings to demonstrate the above.